Orthodontics is the treatment of irregularities of teeth and jaws, especially concerning  occlusion and alignment. Improper teeth and jaw alignment or occlusion are harder to clean that may result to tooth decay and gum disease. The additional effort and stressed caused by improperly aligned teeth and jaw leads to headaches, neck, shoulder and back pain, and TMJ syndrome. The benefits of orthodontic treatment include improved appearance, healthier mouth and stronger teeth. Orthodontists specialize in orthodontics who helps patients correct occlusions, bites and alignment of teeth. An indianapolis orthodontist has additional two or more years of education in an approved training program apart from the four year general dentistry course. 

It is only a dentist or orthodontist indianapolis who can perform diagnostic procedures to determine if you 'll benefit from an orthodontic treatment. The different diagnostic tools include medical history, dental health history, clinical exam, x-rays, photographs and plaster models of your teeth. The following conditions require orthodontic treatment: overbite, underbite, crossbite, open bite, misplaced midline, spacing and crowding. 

Overbite or buck teeth is the sticking out of upper ront teeth over the lower teeth. If the upper teeth is too far back or the lower teeth are too far forward, it is called underbite or "bulldog". If the upper teeth don't come down in front of the lower teeth when biting, the condition is known as crossbite.  Open bite involves the presence of space between the biting surfaces of the front and side teeth when the back teeth bite together. The improper alignment of the center of the upper front teeth to the center of lower teeth is referred to as misplaced midline. Teeth that don't fill up the mouth or missing teeth leads to spacing. Crowding refers to many teeth that accumulates in the dental ridge. 

In orthodontic treatment, appliances are used that include fixed and removable appliances, helping in moving the teeth, retaining muscles and affecting the growth of the jaws. The different types of fixed appliances include  appliances include braces, special fixed appliances and fixed space maintainers, whereas for removable appliances, it include aligners, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and neck bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers and headgear. Braces consist of  bands, wires and brackets, and are considered the most common type of fixed appliances. Brackets are used to bond the front tooth, and the bands are fixed around the tooth or teeth and used as anchors for the appliance. 

If you think you need an orthodontic treatment, we are here to help you out. We provide orthodontic services in Indianapolis serving local clients. You may check our website for more details.